Retrieved 23 February The word "pineapple" in English was first recorded to describe the reproductive organs of conifer trees now termed pine cones.
The fiber is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings. Three-quarters of the pineapples sold in Europe are grown in Costa Rica, where pineapple production is highly industrialised. The pesticides— organophosphates , organochlorines , and hormone disruptors —have the potential to affect workers' health and can contaminate local drinking water supplies. Many cultivars are known. Many cultivars have become distributed from its origins in Paraguay and the southern part of Brazil , and later improved stocks were introduced into the Americas, the Azores, Africa, India, Malaysia and Australia.
Pineapple fruits and peels contain diverse phytochemicals , among which are polyphenols , including gallic acid , syringic acid , vanillin , ferulic acid , sinapic acid , coumaric acid , chlorogenic acid , epicatechin , and arbutin.
Pineapples are subject to a variety of diseases, the most serious of which is wilt disease vectored by mealybugs  typically found on the surface of pineapples, but possibly in the closed blossom cups. The causal agents of pink disease are the bacteria Acetobacter aceti , Gluconobacter oxydans , Pantoea citrea. Some pests that commonly affect pineapple plants are scales, thrips , mites, mealybugs, ants, and symphylids.
Heart-rot is the most serious disease affecting pineapple plants. The disease is caused by Phytophthora cinnamoni and P. Since it is difficult to treat, it is advisable to guard against infection by planting resistant cultivars where these are available; all suckers that are required for propagation should be dipped in a fungicide, since the fungus enters through the wounds.
Some buyers prefer green fruit, others ripened or off-green. A plant growth regulator, Ethephon , is typically sprayed onto the fruit one week before harvest, developing ethylene , which turns the fruit golden yellow. After cleaning and slicing, a pineapple is typically canned in sugar syrup with added preservative. A pineapple never becomes any riper than it was when harvested. The fruit itself is quite perishable  and if it is stored at room temperature, it should be used within two days; however, if it is refrigerated, the time span extends to 5—7 days.
The pineapple was first a luxury because transit from the tropics to Europe was expensive in the age of sail. In this respect, pineapple was much like sugar, a commodity of privilege before it became an item of the masses. In architecture, pineapple figures are a decorative element symbolizing hospitality. Pineapples have long been associated with the Hawaiian Islands, to the extent that the pineapple is sometimes used as a symbol of Hawaii,  despite the decline of the pineapple industry in that state.
A pineapple being prepared by a roadside vendor in Hainan , China. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Pineapple disambiguation. Commelijn Ananas ananas L.
Ananas bracteatus Baker Ananas coccineus Descourt. Ananas lyman-smithii Camargo nom. Ananas monstrosus Carrière L. Koch Ananas pyramidalis Mill. Ananassa monstrosa Carrière Ananassa porteana Veitch ex K. Koch Carrière Ananassa sativa Schult. List of countries by pineapple production. List of pineapple diseases. Big Pineapple Pineapple cutter Pineapple tart Vazhakulam pineapple. Retrieved 6 December Morphology, Anatomy, and Taxonomy".
Botany, Production, and Uses. Retrieved 15 August Archived from the original on 17 June Archived from the original on Retrieved 23 February Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 4 March Species, Legislation and Mitigation". Species, Legislation and Mitigation. Bats in the Anthropocene: The Rise and Fall of an Industry".
Government of Hawaii, Department of Agriculture. Clever Masha 1 4 AndrewLeach I'm so sorry that you don't want to think about such interesting things about your language. It's not that it's not interesting.
But it is likely to more on-topic on Linguistics. In Spanish, it's also called piña. The etymology of "pineapple" and a few other words is nicely illustrated at Europe etymology maps. In Brazilian portuguese, it's not called an ananas, but rather "abacaxi". This is on Linguistics. From Wikipedia , Columbus encountered the pineapple in on the Leeward island of Guadeloupe. NamSandStorm 1 7 The European explorers who discovered pineapples were undoubtedly Spanish or Portuguese, since they are South American in origin.
But since they're also called piña in Spanish, this answer is probably close to correct. I assume that they called them ananas and not pineapples then. The question was about the origin of the English name and not the Spanish or Potuguese. I don't think we are discussing whether "ananas" or "pineapple" was used first, but where it came from and why the English language does not use "ananas" today.
I would say that whoever introduced the ananas to the public first used the term "pineapple" and that is how the word became the accepted name for the fruit. A reasonable hypothesis is that one got translated into English, and the other into most other European languages.
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